Nursing Hero

Rhetoric Analysis of a Nursing Hero Story

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Myths are fairy tales and allegories that tell us about a particular phenomenon. However, myths communicate important lessons in life. Nonetheless, these tales are ignored as we embark on the scientific study as an answer to particular observations. Indeed, myths have been used in the field of nursing, healing, and health and in particular the treatment of cancer (ontology). In her book, Health, Healing, and the Myth of the Hero Journey, Prof.Marlaine C. Smith discusses the contribution of myths in becoming a nursing hero. In particular, the author details her mythical journey to become a hero in the field of ontology. Throughout the article, Smith has examined the epistemic nature of myth and its contribution to nursing ontology, knowledge, and practice. Her argument is prompted by the need to convince the audience on the importance of the epistemic nature of myth to succeed in nursing.

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In explaining her argument, Smith discusses the qualities of a myth and how these qualities are important in understanding the relationship of myth to nursing’s ontology within the unitary-transformative paradigm. Indeed, she argues that myths “evolve from the attempt to unlock the mysteries of our relationship to the eternal that is beyond ordinary awareness and cognition” (Smith 2). This characteristic has helped her to come up with the conclusion that through myths human beings can “glimpse the transcendent, and we are drawn into contemplations and realizations seated in the deepest levels of awareness” (Smith 2). She concludes her argument by noting that myths offer an epistemic understanding in the field of ontology.

In her second argument, Smith uses the analogy of Joseph Campbell’s analysis of the myth of the hero journey in explaining her argument. Borrowing from Campbell, Smith points out the connection between mythology and self-awareness by arguing that “mythology as an interior road map of experience” (Smith 2). She, like Campbell, argues that myth is an epistemic form that helps a nurse to gain awareness. Furthermore, she argues that myths help humans to understand the human-universe interaction and represent valuable lessons about the mysteries of human existence. These qualities, according to Smith help “to harmonize our relationships” (2). Lastly, Smith argues that myths and nursing are correlated through the hero’s journey which connects literature on health and healing practices. In her description of the hero’s journey, Smith notes that myths can be likened to “someone who has found, achieved, or done something outside of the ordinary patterns of experience” (4). This journey is about transforming a nurse from“naïveté and innocence to deep experience and enlightenment” (4).

 

 

Work Cited

Smith, Marlaine C. “Health, healing, and the myth of the hero journey.” Advances in Nursing Science 24.4 (2002): 1-13.

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