Descriptive Epidemiology Case Study Help

To complete the assignment, access the following resource:

Howlader N, Noone AM, Krapcho M, Miller D, Bishop K, Altekruse SF, Kosary CL, Yu M, Ruhl J, Tatalovich Z, Mariotto A, Lewis DR, Chen HS, Feuer EJ, Cronin KA (eds). SEER Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2013, National Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD

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Using the “Browse the Tables and Figures” function, find the information in the SEER Cancer Statistics Review to answer the following questions:

1) What is the estimated number of new cancer cases for 2016, for all cancer sites combined?

 

2) What are the Top 3 Cancer Sites for Incidence (both sexes, all races)
Annual Incidence Rates (Select the specific cancer site from the Section drop-down menu and then the appropriate table)

 

3) Find the 2013 annual incidence rates for lung and bronchus cancer. What was the rate for both sexes?
a. What was the 2013 age-adjusted incidence rate for males?
b. What was the 2013 age-adjusted incidence rate for females?
c. Interpret each of these two sex-specific rates in words by putting these data into a sentence (don’t forget the denominators!). Then, discuss how these two rates compare to each other (for example, which rate is higher? By how much?)

 

4) Find the 1975-2013 annual incidence rates for pancreatic cancer. What was the rate for males of all races?
a. What was the 1975-2013 age-adjusted incidence rate for white males?
b. What was the 1975-2013 age adjusted incidence rate for black males?
c. Interpret each of these two race-specific rates in words by putting these data into a sentence (don’t forget the denominators!). Then, discuss how these two rates compare to each other (for example, which rate is higher? By how much?)

5) What method and population was used to age-adjust these rates?

 

6) Why is it important to adjust for the effects of age when publishing cancer incidence and mortality rates?

 

7) Find the 5-Year relative survival (%) for 2006-2012 by age at diagnosis for Hodgkin lymphoma.
a. What was the 5-year relative survival for:
i. Persons <45 years old at diagnosis?
ii. Persons 45-54 years old at diagnosis?
iii. Persons 55-64 years old at diagnosis?
iiii. Persons 65-74 years old at diagnosis?
v. Persons 75 and older at diagnosis?
b. Describe in words these differences in 5-year relative survival by age.
c. Now look at these same age-specific statistics for Whites (both sexes) and Blacks (both sexes). Describe any similarities or differences you see in the 5-year relative survival by age.
d. Based on the data in this table, can conclusions be drawn as to why these race-specific statistics are similar or different? Why or why not?
Age-Adjusted Cancer Death Rates (Select the specific cancer site from the Section drop-down menu and then the appropriate table)

 

8) Find the age-adjusted cancer death rates by state (both sexes), for liver and intrahepatic bile duct cancer.
a. Which state has the highest age-adjusted death rate from liver and intrahepatic bile duct cancer?
b. Which state has the lowest age-adjusted death rate from liver and intrahepatic bile duct cancer?

 

9) Scroll down to the map of the United States showing the state-specific cancer death rates from liver and intrahepatic bile duct cancer.
a. In which regions of the United States are the states with the highest cancer death rates generally located?
b. In which regions of the United States are the states with the lowest cancer death rates generally located?

 

10) Based on the information provided by this map, how would you target public health strategies to reduce the cancer death rate from liver and intrahepatic bile duct cancer? What epidemiological evidence does the map provide that is useful? What information does it not provide?

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