1803NRS Foundations Of Professional Nursing Practice


Part A

  1. Make a list of six (6) common disorders and conditions for each of the following body systems or components of body systems.

Body systems or components of body systems

Six (6) common disorders and conditions for each of the following body systems or components of body systems

a. Musculoskeletal system


b. Skin




c. Cardiovascular system




d. Respiratory system




e. Gastrointestinal system




f. Ear




g. Eye




h. Nervous system




i. Endocrine system




j. Urinary system




k. Reproductive system



  1. What is incentive spirometry? How can incentive spirometry and peak flow assist in diagnosis of conditions and disorders?
  1. Identify and describe five (5) characteristics of critical thinking.
  1. Briefly describe the differences between critical thinking, creative thinking and problem-solving
  1. Refer to the resources for the Core Standards for nurses who support people with a disability (NSW Family and Community Services) and access the Standard
  1. Briefly describe in your own words what the Standard means to nurses.
  2. Identify the issues nurses need to consider when supporting a person with type 2 diabetes.
  3. Identify the issues nurses need to consider when supporting a person with constipation.
  1. Complete the following table summarising the specific diagnostic tests for diagnosis of common conditions and disorders of various body systems.

Common conditions and disorders

Diagnostic tests

a. Stroke or a person showing signs of a transient ischemic attack



b. Myocardial infarction



c. Asthma



d. Diabetis mellitus



e. Urinary tract infection



f. Colorectal cancer



g. Cervical cancer



h. Osteoporosis



i. Skin cancer



  1. Complete the following table summarising thenursing interventions associated with reproductive and urinary system disorders and conditions.

Conditions and disorders

Nursing interventions (three specific interventions)

a. Breast cancer



b. Prostate cancer



c. Urinary tract infection



d. Urinary retention


Part B – Case study questions:

Russel has an indwelling urinary catheter in situ to manage urinary incontinence. The catheter has blocked and has not been replaced. There is a lot of sediment in the urine.

Russel’s condition is deteriorating and he is finding it difficult to cope with his physical health condition, and increased dependency on others to carry out his health care needs. The health care practitioners including nurses often struggle to convince Russel and his family members to make appropriate treatment and management decisions. Russel’s family members have conflicting interests and they often engage in rude communication with nurses. The family members are not understanding the need to intervene promptly to avoid further complications in Russel’s situation. Informal conflict resolution has to date failed in bringing the family members’ attention to the issue.

  1. What procedure is recommended in managing Russel’s blocked catheter?
  1. How could mediation and negotiation be applied as conflict resolution strategies in this situation in identifying and communicating Russel’s deteriorating condition
  1. Who will you promptly report concerns to in relation to thedeteriorating client?
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