Epidemiology & Quant Research Methods

1. In class, you were presented the non communicable disease model. According to the model, the primary orgin of many non communicable disease is:
a. Environmental issue
b. Socio-economic status
c. The american healthcare system
d. A person’s genetic endowment

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2. Characterizing the distribution of health related states or events according to person, place, and the time is:
a. Cohort study designs
B. case control study designs
C. experimental study designs
D. descriptive epidemiology
E. analytic epidemiology

3. Analytic epidemiology may involve:
a. Identifying what the clinical characteristics are of the disease
b. Identifying why a certain group of people developed a given disease
c. Identifying who is most likely to develop a given disease
d. Identifying where the health problem lies

4. Sean is a physician seeking to vaccinate his patients for the oncoming flu season . He likely reads data on the of the clinical trials
a. Ectopy
b. Efficacy
c. Effectiveness
d. entropy

5. From a public health perspective, the romans particularly contributed:
a. The idea of making glasses for drinking water and wine
b. Microscopes to study bacteria and viruses
c. The idea that water can be a reservoir for disease
d. The idea of vaccines against diseases such as smallpox

6. Which groups of people were responsible for ensuring that the public health advancements of the romans were not forgotten?
a. Groups of students at the university of rome
b. Groups of early physicians
c. Groups of monks
d. Groups of early epidemiologists

7. You can infer from the work of John snow, in his work with the cholera outbreaks in london in 1848 and 1854 that he primarily:
a. Was the father of modern biostatistics
b. Used classic experimental methods, including putting people in control groups to establish and test hypotheses for transmission of disease.
c. Was an early epidemiologist who used descriptive and analytical methodology
d. Argued that the environment was associated with diseases such as malaria

8. Which 16th century physician advanced useful treatment and remedies including fresh air, and a healthy diet, which other physicians rejected at the time?
a. Hippocrates
b. James lind
c. John grant
d. Thomas sydenham

9. Who exposed his wife and children to cowpox in an attempt to prevent a small pox outbreak?
a. jesty&jenner
b. Thomas sydenham
c. Hipocrates
d. John snow
e. James lind

10. What are inanimate objects that serve as a role in disease transmission?
a. Formites
b. Reservoirs
c. Vectors
d. carriers

11. Who introduced the terms epidemic and endemic?
a. Hippocrates
b. John snow
c. James lind
d. Louis pasteur

12. One of these terms is used to describe something that contains, spreads, or harbors and infectious agent.
a. Formites
b. Vectors
c. Carriers
d. resevoirs

13. The first disease case brought to the attention of the epidemiologist is called:
a. The primary case
b. The index case
c. The secondary case
d. The suspect case

14. Which of the following is an example of an epidemic?
a. New breast cancer cases in the U.S during the period of September 2016- January 2017
b. Prostrate cancer cases in the U.S during the period of september 2016-january 2017
c. Anthrax deaths in the U.S during the period of september 2016-january 2017
d. Occupational injurys in agriculture in the U.S during the period of september 2016-january 2017

15. An example of active primary prevention from and epidemiology perspective would be :
a. Improved road conditions to prevent accidents
b. Flouridation of public water supplies to prevent tooth decay in children
c. Vitamin fortified foods for children
d. Asking the public to wear protective masks during a flu outbreak

16. Physical therapy for stroke survivors would be categorized as:
a. Primary prevention
b. Secondary prevention
c. Tertiary prevention

17. Jim is addicted to herion, and sadly is infected with HIV because he shared used needles with his buddies. This type of situation is termed a infection
a. Non point source
b. Direct person to person contact
c. A vector borne
d. A vehicle borne

18. The framingham study was a :
a. Cross sectional study
b. Prospective cohort study
c. Case- control study
d. Retrospective cohort study

19. From the short film in class, you know that chemical run off from roads can intially cause:
a. Airborne epidemics
b. Propagated epidemics
c. Point source epidemics
d. Non point source epidemics

20. We saw a short film on the plague in europe. Based on class discussion, you understand that it was a transmission.
a. Both direct and droplet spread transmission
b. Mechanical
c. Direct
d. Vehicle borne

21. Which of the following is an example of vector born disease transmission?
a. Malaria spread to humans body by mosquito population
b. Hepatitis A spread by a contaminated eating utensil
c. Droplets carrying H1N1 virus from a sneeze
d. Intestinal illness resulting from eating contaminated food.
22. A primary case is the same as an index case True or false

23. Semmelweis was a key historical epidemiologist. He was interested in resolving childbed fever, a great fear of the 1840s. What was childbed fever? 1) how was it transmitted? Describe and discuss semmelweis contributions in detail. Why was he so revolutionary?

24. In class, we attended a Dave matthews band concert. We discussed possible transmission of shigelosis, a bacteria effecting lower G.I. area . How could this occur? What type of epidemic is this ?( you must specifically mention this information). What does the disease transmission involve?

25. Classify each of following as [A] epidemic, [B] endemic, or [C] pandemic, annually, there are approximately 350-500 million cases of malaria, killing between 1-3 million people the majority of whom are young children in sub-saharan.

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